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Fertility Basics - What are They, How to Start Planning and Checking

December 22, 2020 |  read |  Facebook Twitter Whatsapp

A countless number of decisions including which car to drive, where to live – to name a few, are shaped when a couple or a parent decides that they want children. While getting your lives aligned and ready to start a family, you should also find out whether your bodies are ready for this huge step.  A large number of people have a tough time dealing with infertility. While most people might expect and hope that they can plan a family any time they would like, they often forget that it may get slightly more tricky than they had imagined. Here’s a guide for you on fertility basics, if you plan to have a baby anytime soon.

 

A good kick start into the road would mean taking care of the body by exercising, consuming nutritious food, and maintaining healthy body weight. 

 

Fertility Basics

If a couple needs to conceive naturally, here is an outline of what needs to go around in the bodies of a man and a woman :

 

  • The reproductive system of a woman produces hormones that result in ovulation. It is when from one of the ovaries, an egg is released. During the childbearing years of a woman, it happens once every month.

  • The reproductive system of a man produces sperm cells. Post puberty, daily, generation of new sperm cells takes place.

  • During about five or six days prior to ovulation, a man and a woman must engage in sexual intercourse.

  • When the man ejaculates, due to a series of muscular contractions, sperm cells or the semen are/is forced out of the man’s penis.

  • In the cervical area of the woman, semen gets collected after intercourse, and into the cervical mucus of the woman, sperm cells swim.

  • The sperm swims through the opening of the cervix, into the uterus. It further swims into the fallopian tubes from the uterus. 

  • The healthiest of sperms manage to linger inside the fallopian tubes, till the time an egg comes along. 

  • From the ovaries, once an egg is released, it is guided into the fallopian tubes very gently.

  • In a moment of fertilization, one of the sperms eventually meets the egg in the fallopian tubes.

  • Post ovulation, the reproductive system of the woman releases new hormones that make ‘endometrium.’

  • The embryo or the fertilized egg goes through cell divisions. Further, into the uterus, it travels down the fallopian tube. 

  • As the Uterus is reached by the embryo, it implants itself into the lining, eventually. It happens after about 4 to 10 days of fertilization.

  • Post implantation, the embryo starts to create placental cells and fetal cells. The pregnancy hormone, or the hCG begins to get produced. 

  • There is enough hCG circulating after about one week or 14 days of ovulation, to give a positive result when a pregnancy test is done. 

 

Conditions for Getting Pregnant

No Stress 

Fertility basics include no stressing! While expressing your concern to someone in the family or your friend circle, words like “do not worry,” “stay relaxed” might be said to you. And it is understandable that it is easier said than done, but stress does take a toll on one’s mental and physical health, whether good or bad. Instead of altering your day to day routine to fix the situation, try and indulge in things or activities that soothe your mind and body.

 

Watching the Weight 

You may have some difficulty conceiving a baby if you are under or overweight. A body that is undernourished may not be fertile enough. Excess weight, on the other hand, too can have quite some effect on your fertility. What you could then try doing is follow an exercise routine, and maintain a healthy diet.

 

The Age Factor 

You must have been told by many that your biological clock is supposed to be ticking. It is used to refer to your fertility window. Sometime in the age of 40s or 50s, once the menstrual cycle stops, women are unable to conceive. Women are supposed to be born with only a set number of eggs that decrease as they age, while men can produce sperm throughout their lives. The rate at which a woman loses eggs accelerates by the age of 35. The quality of the egg, too, declines over time.

 

Hormonal Changes

Hormonal health of a man is often also linked with his fertility. Issues with fertility could be indicated if there are any changes in virility, that often have to do with hormones.

 

Fertility Tests 

Fertility tests are an important part of fertility treatment and evaluation. Through this, the doctor can test and find out what might be the reason that’s preventing your partner and you from conceiving. 

 

For Females, a fertility evaluation may include:   

  • STD testing, as some can potentially cause infertility
  • Gynaecological evaluation

  • Progesterone check

  • An Ultrasound test to see if there are enlarged polycystic ovaries

  • To evaluate the shape of the uterus, an Ultrasound can be done 

  • To check if the fallopian tubes are open or blocked, and to again evaluate the shape of the uterus, HSG (hysterosalpingogram) can be done

 

 For Males, a fertility evaluation may include :

  • A basic physical examination by the urologist
  • Testing for STD 

  • An Ultrasound to evaluate the scrotum

  • To examine retrograde ejaculation, urine testing or post-ejaculatory urinalysis is done.

 

We hope these fertility basics have helped you understand the process a little bit better.

 

Disclaimer: The contents of this article are for informational and educational purposes only. The contents of this article are general in nature and do not constitute medical advice, neither is it intended to substitute any professional or medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. Please always consult your healthcare provider for any questions you may have regarding a medical condition, procedure or treatment, prescription or medication and/or before starting any nutrition, diet, exercise, fitness, medical or wellness programme.

References

  • Brian, K., 2010. The Complete Guide To Female Fertility. London: Piatkus.
  • Forbes, T., 1957. Early Pregnancy And Fertility Tests. [Place of publication not identified]: [publisher not identified].
  • Light, A., Sevelius, J., Obedin-Maliver, J. and Kerns, J., 2013. Pregnancy after transitioning: the male-gendered experience with fertility, pregnancy, and birth outcomes. Fertility and Sterility, 100(3), pp.S406-S407.
  • Winfertility.com. 2020. What Are The Ideal Conditions For Getting Pregnant? | Winfertility. [online] Available at: <https://www.winfertility.com/blog/idealWhat Are the Ideal Conditions for Getting Pregnant ...www.winfertility.com › blog › ideal-conditions-getting-...
  • Image Source - Getty images
  • Images Source - Masterfile <http://www.masterfile.com>.
  • Images Credit - Masterfile

 

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Ayurveda and Conception

Ayurvedia provides holistic healing and effective solutions to problems relationg conception. Simple Ayurvedic methods like a proper diet, envirnomental changes, therapeutic body practices can help so

With increasing stress levels, people are facing more problems in conception now than they did in the past. Ayurveda, one of the oldest schools of healing with its roots in India, has got some remedies for men and women of today when it comes to pregnancy. There are a few methods to improve chances of conceiving, promoting the health of a mother and her baby throughout pregnancy, and even after the child’s delivery. Let us take a look at some of these Ayurvedic measures.

 

A Nutrition Filled Diet

For someone who practices Ayurveda, diet is of prime importance when it comes to treating medical conditions as well as maintaining a good health. According to Ayurveda, a good dietary practice is beneficial for both the body and the mind. It is necessary that Ojas (the essence of all bodily tissues which has direct effects on a person’s physical, mental, and spiritual life) building food items like organic vegetables and fruits, protein rich plant products like whole grains, etc. are included in daily diets. Further, canned products, processed carbohydrates etc. should be avoided. While the former are beneficial in boosting ovulation in women and increasing their fertility, the latter are believed to destroy the same. Excessive intake of dry, bitter, acidic, and hot food is thought to cause Shukra dosha (diseases of sperms) or sperm morbidity. 

 

The Environment Matters

While we tend to take care of our bodies, we often forget to cater to our mind’s needs. Ayurveda has solutions for this as well. According to this school, to prepare for pregnancy, it is important to develop sattva or a calm, safe, and peaceful environment. A specific branch of Ayurveda called rasayana is used traditionally for this. There are four types of this that cover almost all aspects of a person’s health. Ahara rasayana pertains to the food intake and digestive process, Vihara rasayana deals with the lifestyle, Achar rasayana is about the behaviour, and Aushadha rasayana, pertaining to herbs.

 

At least a few months before the planned conception, the parents are expected to introspect their lifestyles keeping these four aspects in mind and detox their bodies to prepare for the event in all respects. Herbs like Kapikacchu, Gokshura, Ashwagandha, Shatavari, and Yashtimadhu are especially prescribed for men to increase sperm count and mobility, quality of the semen, levels of testosterone, and the overall fertility. Ashwagandha and Shatavari are also beneficial for the woman to maintain hormonal balance . 

 

Therapeutic Body Practices

Only a healthy body can conceive a healthy child. Body therapies, as prescribed by Ayurveda, are said to release tensions, body impurities, and energy trapped within the body. Doing so will help the body nourish itself, revitalize the minds, and strengthen the immunity system . Shirodhara, abhyanga, marma therapy, nasya, and basti are some of the therapeutic practices that can be followed.

 

Body massages and yoga have also been found effective. While the former helps in rejuvenating the body and helps in tackling issues like blocked tubes and inflammation in reproductive organs, the latter can help in reducing infertility. Panchkarma i.e. Vaman (therapeutic emesis), Virechan (therapeutic purgation), Basti (medicated enema) and Uttar Basti, Nasya (Nasal Drops or Nasal Medication) and Raktamokshan (Therapeutic Blood Letting) have benefits for conception and in recurrent IVF failure. 

 

Balancing the Energies

According to the philosophy of Ayurveda, during pregnancy, there is a downward-moving energy to support the foetus called apana vata (adrenal energy) and an upward-moving energy called prana vata (mental energy) that supports the mother’s sattva and emotional stability. During the period before conception, both these energies must be balanced in both parents to create sattva. Taking care of one’s lifestyle can bring in this balance which can improve the mother’s chances of conceptions and the father’s quality and number of sperms.

 

Ayurveda After Conception

After a child’s conception, Ayurveda prescribes a few measures to ensure a healthy gestation period. They are based on three important aspects: ahara (or nutrition), vihara (or lifestyle), and vichara (or thoughts). Diet remains one of the most important measures to keep the body and mind healthy. A pregnant woman’s diet should not include items which are Atiguru or difficult for the body to digest, Atiushna or too hot, Atitikshna that is sharp food like too spicy, Viruddha or unwholesome food. Milk should be an important constituent according to them as it is rich in calcium, lactose, protein, and fat. In case of complications, it is advised that the woman be administered drugs (by her doctor) that are Mridu (soft), Madhura (sweet), and Sheeta (cold)

 

Ayurveda After Delivery

Diet must still be closely monitored for the mother, even after her delivery. The food should be less in oil and spices. It should include light foods like khichadi, soup, mildly cooked vegetables, etc. Date powder or Shatavari Kalpa and Dhatri Rasayan are recommended to boost the healthy production of breastmilk for the child 

 

A lot of women, across the world, hope to be mothers but are often unable to do so due to the varying lifestyle patterns that increase stress and other hormonal problems. However, Ayurveda, a holistic healing science, offers effective solutions to tackle a lot of these problems and offers prescriptive measures not just for the woman but also the man to increase fertility and advance the chances of conception. Even after the child’s conception or his/her birth, there are easy measures that can be followed to keep the mother and child healthy and fit.

December 21, 2020 |  read

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Ways to Cope with Excess Facial and Body Hair

Some of us have excess facial facial and body hair. This is how homeopathy can help manage it.

There is nothing more bothersome for a woman than having excessive hair, if it’s not on her scalp.

 

The disorder which is characterized by having excess facial and body hair is called Hirsutism. Under this condition, dark and coarse, abnormal hair growth occurs in places like the chest, face and back which is typically where hair growth occurs for men.

 

 

To find out if you are affected by Hirsutism, take a look at these symptoms which could indicate the same: 

   

  • If you have excess facial hair – coarse hair growth in areas like chin (beard), side burns, upper lip.

  • If you notice abnormal hair growing on your chest – around your nipples, on your abdomen or on your back.

  • If your menstrual periods are irregular.

  • If you have acne trouble.

  • If your body bears less resemblance to a feminine body shape.

 

 

Which Factors Might Trigger Hirsutism?

  • A condition of Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS) or Ovarian cysts
  • If there are tumors on adrenal glands or ovaries
  • A medical condition called Cushing’s syndrome under which there will be excess secretion of steroids, which also includes androgen.
  • Acromegaly - another medical condition characterized by excess growth hormone and insulin resistance
  • Decreased production of thyroid hormones or an underactive thyroid gland – Hypothyroidism
  • An increase in prolactin levels which is called Hyperprolactaemia
  • If you are taking certain conventional medication for facial and body hair. 
  • Taking Anabolic steroids
  • If Danazol is used for the treatment of endometriosis (a medical condition under which the endometrium or the lining of the uterus appears and develops outside the uterine cavity)
  • It might be difficult to pinpoint a cause of Hirsutism when an underlying cause or trigger factor cannot be found.
  • Some other risk factors of Hirsutism include genetics, race and ethnicity.

 

The diagnosis for Hirsutism is usually done after taking a thorough medical and family history, tracking your menstrual cycles and other conventional medicines you are taking. A pelvic ultrasound might be required to strike out PCOS; androgen levels are checked through blood tests and in some cases, you might be advised to undergo a CT scan or an MRI if there are tumors of ovaries or adrenal glands.

 

 

A Comparison of Conventional and Homeopathic Treatment

A definitive cure for Hirsutism hasn’t been established under modern conventional treatment techniques as they only approach the condition up to disease level. Anti-androgen medication which helps in blocking the action of androgen hormone on hair follicles is prescribed under allopathic treatment. To change the levels of androgen and some other hormones, birth control pills might also be prescribed. If you opt for grooming methods such as waxing, shaving, bleaching or electrolysis – a method which uses electric current to kill each hair follicle, they aren’t suitable for larger areas. Hirsutism is also treated with laser therapy, which is quite quick, efficient and also permanently removes hair. If the laser therapy isn’t practiced with caution, it can cause burns on the skin.

 

On the other hand, Homeopathy treatment for Hirsutism can prove to be very effective. The medication under Homeopathic treatment is only prescribed after analysing every detail of the case and is aimed at treating a problem from its root. PCOS, a major cause of Hirsutism, can be found in 1 out of every 5 women. The Homeopathic treatment for PCOS and ovarian cysts has proven to be very effective and it also prevents the condition from making a comeback. This can be of great help to uproot Hirsutism. Hormonal imbalance can also be treated with appropriate Homeopathy remedies. The treatment will bring in balance by stimulating the glands to secrete the necessary hormones. There are no side effects to Homeopathic treatment and it further leads the way to a safe, permanent cure.

 

To book your own Homeopathy appointment CLICK HERE

 

How Can You Help Yourself?

A proper diet would help you to increase your treatment’s progress speed, and deal with facial and body hair. Foods rich in antioxidants like cherries, blueberries, bell peppers, and tomatoes should be consumed in adequate amounts as they will balance the hormone systems of the body. It is better to avoid pastas, breads, sugar and any other refined food. De-stressing is very important to balance your hormones. Meditation or yoga can help you effectively to alleviate stress.

 

December 22, 2020 |  read

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PCOS and its Complexities

PCOS is faced by one in five women today. Here is what you need to know about PCOS and how homeopathy can help.

Hormonal disturbance is one of the basic causes of PCOS and its complexities. It is also known as ovarian cysts. Unlike other medical treatments, homeopathy helps to bring back this balance with minimal risks and side-effects. 

 

(Click here to book an appointment)

 

A woman is an all-rounder. She is a mother, wife, daughter, homemaker and also a professional. She jumps from one role to the other and makes it look so easy. Catering to everybody else’s needs, she is inclined to put everybody ahead of her own needs, health and well-being.

 

Women’s health and well-being issues have seen high spikes in recent times. Disorders in women vary from menstrual disturbances to serious cases of malignancies. Polycystic ovary syndrome is one among the common cases seen in women.

 

Not many cases of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) have shown successful results with the help of conventional medicine.   

 

Confronting PCOS Complexities

PCOS is quite a challenge for young women. It is a very common problem among those in their reproductive age, which also leads to cases of infertility. Although the statistics of women affected with PCOS is 10 percent, women with difficulties in conceiving feel like they are alone in this journey.

 

PCOS and its complexities occur due to hormonal changes in the body. These changes also affect other bodily functions.

 

Irregular ovulation or menstruation, hair growth in different parts of the body, excessive effects of male hormones and weight issues are some of the issues that arise due to hormonal changes in the body.

 

PCOS can occur due to  conditions like insulin - resistant diabetes. It causes imbalance and changes in the menstruation cycles. PCOS can also lead to the production of more testosterone by the adrenal glands. It leads to changes in ovulation pattern. There are many other complications that arise due to PCOS in women. Some of them are type-2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease and endometrial cancer to name a few. Therefore, it is always wise to monitor and make necessary changes to treat PCOS as early as possible.

 

The treatment route for this disorder is to restore the changes that may occur in the body. Medicine will aim to bring back the normal menstrual cycle and fertility. It helps to lower the insulin level and control hair growth. Doctors aim to prevent endometrial cancer with drugs, dietary therapy and/or use of contraceptive pills. Since PCOS has not narrowed its root cause, these medications and treatments are temporary fixes and cannot really eradicate the problem altogether.

 

Research has brought new methods that seem to have an effective impact against this disorder. One such method of treatment comes from homoeopathy (Click here). It has proven to show better results than other conventional ways of treatment.

 

Signs of PCOS

Some of the most common symptoms of PCOS (Click here) are seen through irregular period cycles, excessive hair, acne and infertility. In normal maturation of a woman's ovum, the egg grows within a cyst in the ovary. PCOS prevents the growth of the egg and hence it is hard for women with this disorder to conceive.

 

A doctor will look into all your medical history, periods, reproduction and weight gain to treat your PCOS and its complexities.

 

A pelvic examination is used to determine the size of your ovary. The doctor will also examine other causes such as acne and hair growth.

 

There will be a series of blood tests to check your insulin, hormonal and glucose levels in your system.

 

Most often an ultrasound (USG) will help to determine the size of the ovaries which will help to diagnose and treat the patients in the right way.

 

It’s always good to consult a doctor if you think you might be showing any symptoms of the disorder. This is the best way to diagnose and treat PCOS rather than going for other personal methods.

 

Treatment Through Homeopathy

A woman’s body functions in a unique manner. Hence, even their health issues are distinct and challenging to find the right method of treatment. The treatment journey through homeopathy has very little side-effect to the body and hence it is considered as one of the best forms of medicine. 

 

Women wear their hair with pride. Hair loss is a devastating thought for any woman. It can also be symptoms of underlying health issues like diabetes and thyroid problems. But at the same time, women feel anxious and unattractive with the presence of hair in areas that are ought not to have any, such as their face and hands.

 

Since most medical research shows the underlying problem related to PCOS is the presence of hormonal imbalance, homoeopathy also leans towards correcting this imbalance in the system. This medical journey on the other hand also has fewer side-effects. Homoeopathy uses very less surgical and other invasive methods to do the treatment. A lot of positive effects are seen through this method like regular periods, increased chances of pregnancy and preventing PCOS recurrence.

 

A study shows that 83 per cent of women have seen great improvement in their condition using homoeopathy as a method of treatment for PCOS and its complexities.

 

Staying Healthy and Preventing PCOS

  • Follow a fun and easy workout pattern that you can do regularly.
  • Stay away from processed foods. This may lead to PCOS as well as hair loss.
  • Reduce the tension on your insulin levels by cutting down the element of sugar from your diet.
  • Stick to healthy, hot food instead of cold meals as this could affect your metabolism.
  • Social habits like smoking and consumption of alcohol can lead to hormone imbalance and infertility.
  • Use flax seed and soya in your diet. While flax seed helps to promote hair growth, soya helps to bring good hormone balance.

December 22, 2020 |  read

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My husband isn’t ready to have a baby, but I am. What do I do?

After your relationship has reached a certain maturation, it is only natural that you may want to have a child. However, there is one question that bothers a lot of women.

You and your husband are having a good, solid relationship going and now you feel it's time you made the bond stronger with a little addition. Unfortunately, your partner is not on the same page. My husband isn’t ready to have a baby, but I am. What do I do? There are a number of women with this question. Let's take a look at how to approach the situation.

 

Open Conversation

                                                                                      

An honest conversation can solve half the problems in a relationship. Talk to your partner openly and find out why they don’t want to have a child. The reasons could be financial or emotional. Give them their space to voice out their concerns and lend a non-judgmental ear. Remember, not everyone may have the same priorities as you and it may not be possible for you to understand the situation that they are in. Talk to them about your perspective and why you think it’s the right time according to you. Keep your tone and body language in check so you make him feel comfortable in being a part of the conversation.

 

Respect their Viewpoint

                                                                       

Learn to take no for an answer. While it's understandable that you want to start a family, it is also essential to understand that your partner is allowed to have a different opinion from you. Respect their decision and do not make them feel guilty for the way they feel. Maybe they are at a sensitive point in career where an added responsibility might hamper it. Maybe they aren’t emotionally ready to be a parent yet. Whatever their reason, learn to accept it for what it is. Forcing them to agree with you, especially for something life changing, such as having a baby, could have its repercussions. Pregnancy and parenthood is a journey that involves both of you and it isn’t going to be enjoyable if only one of you is ready to embark upon it.

 

Looking at Yourself

                                                                    

When your husband isn’t ready to have a baby, how about taking a look back to understand the problem better. Why is it that you want to have a child? Many times, we are led to believe that having a child is a way of completing our family and is the natural next step. It is also possible that you are insecure about your relationship and having a child, you feel will give it more stability. While bringing a child into the world is a beautiful miracle, doing this for the wrong reasons is going to create problems for both you and your partner. Parenting can be an extensive activity. Think it out and find out why exactly you want a child right now. If the concerns are genuine like fears of possible medical complications, communicate them with your partner effectively to help him understand the situation.

 

Reaching the Middle Ground

                                                                  

As a first step, realise that a middle ground is possible in most differences of opinions. Your partner is not your opponent and you are in on this together. You both are on the same team. That being acknowledged, the important question to ask yourself next is – is this child more important to you than your partner or the relationship you have with him? Unless the relationship is undergoing a major crisis, most partners tend to respond with no. Realise how important your partner is to you and try to reach a compromise where you both get some and give up some to reach a middle ground. However, if, in fact, you do think having a child is more important to you, it is probably a red sign that you need to reconsider the relationship and realign your priorities.

 

Prepare Yourself

                                                                     

While it may be true that many around you have started a family, remember that this is not for everyone. Being excited about the pregnancy result is one thing and going through the nine months, labour, to finally raising a child, isn’t as easy as it may seem. Make sure that you are prepared for what's coming up your way before you make a decision. Not only is this going to require financial and emotional commitment but, as a mother, physical commitments as well. Taking care of a child is a commitment you will have to fulfil for years to come. Remember, you are under no pressure to have a child by a certain age or time. It's absolutely acceptable for you to have a committed, happy marriage without a child being a part of it – if that is what makes you and your partner happy. 

If you are thinking about starting a family during the pandemic, here are some things to keep in mind - Things to Know Before You Get Pregnant During the Pandemic.

 

So, what do you really do when your husband isn't ready to have a baby ? Well, the answer is simple. You communicate. Listen to their concerns and voice out yours. It's almost always possible to reach a middle ground with a respectful conversation where you both feel that your opinions are valued and acknowledged. While it's important to understand why your partner may not want a child, it is also important to find out why you do. Keep the conversation honest and open, and remember to not force your partner into anything he may not be ready to do just yet.

 

 

February 19, 2021 |  read

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Male Sexual Dysfunction - Problems and Solutions

Male sexual dysfunction is quite common for which it is vital to have an understanding of the causes and treatment of the same for a healthy sexual life.

Sexual dysfunction is quite common, despite the common beliefs and irrespective of gender, age or sexual orientation. While talking about male sexual dysfunction, it is helpful to understand that such a sexual problem can affect anyone, for which the causes can be both biological and psychological.

 

Sexual dysfunction in men essentially refers to the inability to perform sexually. This occurs when one cannot get or maintain an erection to participate in sexual intercourse or to derive satisfaction. However, other common problems also include premature ejaculation, inhibited sexual desires or delayed ejaculation, and low libido.

 

Although erectile dysfunction is not always a cause for concern, continuation of erection troubles may be a symptom for underlying health conditions or affect your mental health. The sexual reaction cycle goes in the following order: appetence, arousal, orgasm and resolution, depending on which disorders in sexual function can be classified. Hence, there is a need to understand and distinguish between partial functional impairment and those dysfunctions which require treatment.

 

Erectile Dysfunction

                                                                     

The most common male sexual dysfunction is failure or trouble to have an erection or arousal. While it is not very common in young males, mostly men above 40 years of age suffer from ED. The process involved in male sexual arousal is quite complex to include the brain, emotions, hormones, nerves, blood vessels and muscles. An erection is caused due to increased blood flow into the penis, which is stimulated by sexual thoughts or direct contact with the penis.

 

Excitement in a man would cause the penis muscles to relax, which allows increased blood flow through the arteries to fill up the two chambers inside. With the chambers being filled up with blood, the penis grows rigid.

 

Various psychological and physical factors or sometimes, a combination of both could result in trouble in having or to maintain an erection. The causes can vary which include diseases that affect the blood flow, for instance, hardening of the arteries, nervous disorders, injury to the penis, high cholesterol, diabetes, obesity, high blood pressure and Perkison’s diseas. Moreover, relationship problems, sleep disorder or stress, depression and performance pressure can have severe effects too. Erectile dysfunction also results from unhealthy habits such as smoking, alcohol consumption, overeating and lack of exercise.

 

Hence, it is vital to consult your doctor on what would be the best way to get treated, or if there is any underlying health condition. Sometimes, a combination of medications and therapy help to treat ED.

 

Oral medications which help to stimulate your blood flow into the penis include avanafil, sildenafil, tadalafil and vardenafil. In case of low levels of testosterone, you may be recommended testosterone therapy.  

 

Sometimes, a vacuum pump treatment may be used as well, to stimulate an erection. Blood is drawn to the penis using a pump-like device which leads to an erection.

 

Ejaculation Disorders

                                                                          

Distresses with ejaculation includes premature ejaculation (ejaculation occurs too soon), inhibited or delayed ejaculation (when ejaculation takes a very long time) or retrograde ejaculation (rather than ejaculation being through the penis, it is forced back into the bladder).

 

As is the case with other male sexual dysfunctions, studies suggest that ejaculation disorders too can be caused due to a combination of physical and psychological factors. Sexual repression or any such history, affects as much as stress or low self-confidence or an unhealthy relationship with the partner. Alcohol or substance abuse, smoking, side effects from other medicines are among the few causes to be on lookout for. Diabetic nerve damage is the most common reason for retrograde nerve damage.

 

Low Libido

                                                                   

Low libido refers to decreased interest or desire on sex. The definition is varied according to what each person considers as sexual satisfaction.

 

Apart from the above mentioned factors, this may be caused due to low levels of male sex hormone, ie, testosterone. Testosterone is responsible for male sex drive, sperm production, muscle, bone and hair. If the level of the hormone decreases, it could affect your body as well as mood.

 

In such a case, treatment would mean raising the level of testosterone by hormone replacement therapies through injections, gels and patches.

 

A counsellor may be recommended to consult in case of psychological causes such as anxiety, depression, or guilt aroused through inability to perform sexually.

 

Given any kind of treatment, the first and foremost thing to do is to recognize the problems and have a healthy relationship with the doctor. You may approach a sexologist or if recommended, a psychiatrist or psychologist to fathom the causes and treatment for your sexual dysfunction.

 

You can always opt to alter your lifestyle if you realize that most of your problems may be related to an unhealthy diet, or lack of exercise, sleep etc. More often, the causes lie in our daily routine. For instance, try to have a regular sleeping pattern, maintaining at least six-seven hours of sleep every day.

 

If you are having problems with your partner, communicate with them. It is very crucial to have a healthy relationship for a fulfilling sexual life.

 

Avoid alcohol consumption or smoking. Substance abuse is never a solution to any problem.

 

Plan your diet and keep a track of the food habits. Exercise regularly. You will find that working out regularly will not only significantly improve your sexual life but also elevate your overall mood.



 

February 20, 2021 |  read

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Ready to be Pregnant: Pre Pregnancy Diet and Exercise Plan

Here are some tips on management of weight and nutrition to conceive.

If you are trying to conceive, you must have come across every other person you meet  suggesting the food to eat or things to do to ensure pregnancy. But too many suggestions are difficult to keep track of. There must be a thousand questions running through your mind: What should I eat? What should my ideal weight be? What is healthy for the baby? Worry not! We have mapped out everything you need to know about your pre pregnancy diet and exercise plan to assist a healthy conception.

 

Antioxidants

Women trying to conceive are recommended to eat food rich in antioxidants like folic acid and zinc. Such food is known to deactivate the free radicals in the body which damages the gametes. Folic acid has vitamins which reduce the baby’s risk of neural tube birth defects thus, reducing the incidence of heart attacks, cancer, strokes, and diabetes.

Food to eat: Dark green leafy vegetables like spinach or kale, nuts, citrus fruits, whole grains, legumes, cereals etc. One can also take prenatal vitamins or a supplement to increase folic acid intake.

(What to Eat to Get Pregnant: Conception Diet, 2020)

 

Omega 3S

Omega 3S is beneficial for the baby’s eye development while reducing your risk of preterm birth, preeclampsia and depression. Moreover, your body does not make Omega 3S which is why it is more important to consume food rich in the same.

Food to eat: Coldwater fatty fish like salmon, low mercury fish such as tuna, shrimp or catfish.

(Trying to Conceive - North County Health Services, 2020)

 

Dairy

Consumption of low-fat dairy products enhances the chances of getting pregnant as it reduces the risk of ovulatory infertility. If you are trying to conceive, it is recommended to have at least one or two servings of whole milk in a day to ensure your calcium and protein intake.

 

Fruits and Vegetables

Studies have found that watermelon and asparagus are essential for the supply of glutathione in the body which has a direct impact on the egg quality. Pineapple, on the other hand, is rich in beta-carotene, which keeps your hormones at a steady level and helps to prevent miscarriage. Moreover, it has bromelain which supports implantation because of its anti-inflammatory properties.

Other fruits and vegetables you can include in your diet are cantaloupe, carrots, sweet potatoes, green leafy vegetables etc. which provide the essential nutrients and antioxidants to decrease inflammation in the body. Kale contains elements necessary for estrogen metabolism.

You may prepare fresh fruit or vegetable juices like that of goji berries which contain phytochemicals beneficial for fertility. It is a good idea to roast vegetables in high heat for some time without water to avoid any nutrient loss. (17 Natural Ways to Boost Fertility, 2020)

 

Fibre

While trying to conceive, it is important to ensure that you include fibre in your diet.  This is because fibre reduces excess hormones and keeps your blood sugar level balanced. On average, a woman is recommended to have 25 gms of fibre per day. This would help in the reduction of ovulatory infertility among women older than 32 years.

Food to eat: Avocados, sweet potatoes, fruits, oats, whole grains, beans etc.

 

Water

It goes without saying that the intake of the due amount of water can be quite helpful to avoid any hassle during conception. Water helps to thin out cervical mucus making it easier for the sperm to reach the egg cells. Moreover, it carries oxygen and nutrients to the cells, tissues and organs.

 

What else should I look for?

While a nutritious and balanced diet is vital to maintain healthy fertility, you would also need to keep a track of your weight. A pre pregnancy diet and exercise plan is essential for this. What may not be of common knowledge is the fact that obesity or being overweight significantly reduces the chances of being pregnant and having a healthy baby. Here, your BMI has an important role to play. Ideally, a BMI of 18.5 to 24.9 is considered healthy to start trying for pregnancy.

(Weight and Fertility, 2020)

 

How can overweight affect fertility?

Being overweight, that is having BMI more than 25, can have a considerable number of implications if you are trying to be pregnant. More often than not, it causes hormonal imbalances and menstrual disorders. Problems with ovulation are not uncommon either. With more fat cells in the body, more estrogen is released which can cause the body to react as if already pregnant. This prevents ovulation and thus a monthly period cycle.

If you are planning to opt for an assisted reproductive technique, being overweight can cause a few hitches and reduce your chances of getting pregnant through any fertility treatments.

Besides, obesity is one of the common causes of PCOS (Polycystic Ovary Syndrome) which may result in infertility.

(Weight, fertility, and pregnancy, 2020)

Thus, it helps significantly to know what you should and should not be including in your diet to have a healthy start and have a pre pregnancy diet and exercise plan in place. A nutritious and balanced diet is quite vital for maintaining the appropriate BMI. Additionally, you can keep tracking your menstrual cycle to time your conception. Talk to your doctor and keep checking up regularly on your ovulation cycle.


 

March 05, 2021 |  read

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How to Get Pregnant – Is there a right time to make a baby?

Ready to conceive? Here's everything you need to know about getting pregnant.

Sex is seen very differently when it’s time to make a baby with your partner. There is no one ‘best’ way of getting pregnant. But we have a few tips and methods that you could keep in mind when you are trying to get pregnant

 

The Infamous ‘Fertile Window’

Many researchers and doctors have studied that the fertile window within a menstrual cycle helps to inhibit the sperm and the egg to infuse to develop into an embryo. The atmosphere thus created increases your chances of conception. The process of ovulation takes five days altogether. So having sex during these five days increases your chances of getting pregnant.           

With these scientific studies, we would like to break the myth that women can get pregnant anytime. It is simply not true. Conception happens only within the time period of the fertile window.

 

Understanding the Process of Ovulation

The process of ovulation in the female reproductive system allows the egg to be released from the ovary. The egg then travels through the fallopian tubes and gets embedded in the walls of the uterus. This process produces perfect eggs that have the capacity to grow into a baby with the help of a sperm.

Doctors say that the best way to get pregnant is within this window of 5 days leading to ovulation. This is the best time to make a baby because the chances are higher for the best sperms and eggs to come together to form an embryo.

12-24 hours after the period ovulation, a woman has fewer chances of getting pregnant. This is because the eggs are no longer in the fallopian tube. Do understand that this is not a method you could rely on if you are not planning to get pregnant, using contraception would be a better choice.  

 

Why is the Fertile Window Important?

Sperms and eggs have a very short lifetime. On average, sperms are active only for 5 days. On the other hand, eggs need to be fertilized within 24 hours after being released from the body.

Both the sperm and egg have to be active in order to come together to create an embryo. The fertile window is the right time period for this process to occur. The atmosphere in the body allows the fertilization of the sperm and the egg together.

 

Timing is Key

Understanding your menstrual cycle is the best way to plan ahead to have sex if you are ready to get pregnant. The best method to do this is to make a note of your menstrual pattern so that you are able to get the right number of days that consist of your menstrual cycle. Period math is everything when it is time to make a baby. 

You can use our Baby Space Ovulation Tracker to track your ovulation dates every month. An average woman’s menstrual cycle lasts between 28-30 days. These are the number of days starting from the first day of your period to the first day of your next cycle. The process of ovulation occurs in the mid-point of this cycle. If you have noted a 28-day cycle, then your ovulation day should be sometime around day 14. Note this day and plan a romantic date night around this time period.

Ovulation also brings about a lot of changes in the body. So this can be another method to indicate the exact time of ovulation in the body. Some women see a change of colour in their vaginal discharge or slight changes in their body temperature. These are very rare changes and vary from one person to another.

 

Sex - This is How We Make Babies

As discussed, having sex within the fertile window is the key to getting pregnant. There are a lot of myths and online queries talking about the perfect way to have sex in order to get pregnant. Research is the truth; there is no certain way to have sex that gives you 100 per cent result. You might have come across sources that they say that one position is better than the other. This comparison varies from person to person. We suggest that you try and experiment with your ideas instead of going into a whirlwind of suggestions from others and just enjoy the process.

The key point of having sex is the importance of the act of penetration. The deeper the penetration, the closer the sperm gets to the cervix which allows it to latch onto fertile eggs. Studies show that the missionary and doggie-style positions allow deeper penetration. Also, sperms are pretty good swimmers. It takes about 15-20 minutes for them to reach the cervix once it enters through the vagina. 

How many times should you do it? Well, there are a lot of myths that do cause a bit of confusion. Some sources say that having sex frequently reduces the quality of the sperm. Some research on the other hand shows that good quality sperms are produced after 2-3 days of abstinence. Studies also show that pregnancy rates are higher among the couple who have sex every 1-2 days. Do what works for you. Forget the contraception for a change - it’s time to make a baby! 

 

Other Tips to Get Pregnant 

  • Watch Your Diet: Include exercises and an adequate amount of veggies, fruits and meat in your diet. Also, try to cut down on caffeine to boost your fertility.
  • Quit Smoking: Smoking is harmful to your body and increases the odds of infertility and miscarriage.
  • Orgasm: Ejaculation is an important process for the male to get his partner pregnant. Although it is not considered important for the woman to climax, it does help to speed up the process for the sperm to reach its destination.

 

March 19, 2021 |  read

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Getting Ready for Pregnancy: Preparing physically, mentally, and financially

This Baby Space guide will help you prepare physically, mentally and financially before you start your pregnancy journey.

Do you ever find yourself thinking about having a baby and starting a family? If you do, know that it’s completely normal. While getting ready for pregnancy and preparing for the baby’s arrival is no small task, you still have a long way to go. Take a chill pill, you do not have to get everything done today. Sit back, relax, and make a list of things that need to be done. Do one thing at a time and most importantly, have fun while doing it. 

 

Preparing mentally, physically, and especially financially is very important to go through a happy and worry-free pregnancy. Here are a few tips on how to prep yourself and your partner for the pregnancy and the baby. 

 

How to prepare physically for a pregnancy

Your body goes through numerous changes when you get pregnant. To make the pregnancy easier on your body, here are a few tips.

 

Maintain a healthy weight

We have all heard and preached the phrase “Health is wealth” at some point. It’s time we walk the talk. Let's get rid of that fried food with extra cheese, simply because they are not healthy. Bringing some changes in your food and lifestyle actually shows on your skin and hair. Staying healthy improves your chances of getting pregnant and also regulates your periods and helps you increase the chances of conceiving.

 

Avoid smoking and alcohol  

Consuming alcohol or smoking might act as added complications while conceiving or when you get pregnant. It is always better to quit in the initial stages of trying. By doing so, you not only would increase your chances but also avoid any kind of problems with the baby’s growth in the womb. Consuming alcohol and smoking reduces sperm count and sperm strength in men. 

 

Frequent visit to OBGYN 

Keeping in touch with your gyno when you are trying could be helpful. Be sure to talk to your doctor about the problems you are having while conceiving. Let your doctor know about your previous contraceptive methods, problems with your periods, complications from your previous pregnancy, if any, and your health and lifestyle choices. This could help make your doctor make better decisions and help you conceive soon. 

 

Preparing mentally to become parents!

Pregnancy is a big deal and could put a lot of pressure on you but, try and imagine how cute that little munchkin of yours would look like. What’s ought to happen will happen; it is time you focus on yourself as you are getting ready for pregnancy.  

 

Feel free to talk to close ones or doctors

Pregnancy hormones could take you on a rollercoaster every now and then, and it is essential to surround yourself with people who support you and care for you. Feel free to talk to your partner or friends if something bothers you; talking to loved ones always helps. You can always consult with a psychiatrist and get help if necessary. 

 

Bid farewell to stress and be patient

Stress is a weapon that takes away happiness and sometimes, health. The best way to beat stress and stay positive is by practicing yoga and meditation. Engage yourself in your hobbies or find things that interest you.

Know that conceiving might take a while and might stress you out at times, but it is normal. Being relaxed is the key here.  

 

Be prepared for changes

Pregnancy takes a toll on both your body and mental health. You go through several changes but know that pregnancy is a package and one must be ready to embrace it. While pregnancy glow, thick hair, and radiant skin might make you happy, etc you might also experience stretch marks and acne which can equally frustrate you. But do not worry, these things are mostly temporary and the little munchkin will make it all worth it in the end. 

 

Prepare financially for little one’s arrival

With a tiny human on the way, you might feel like it is a lot of responsibility. You might see the numbers in your bank account going down day by day. This is just the beginning, and it is essential to stay prepared financially for the baby. Let us take a look at how to save up and spend more responsibly when you are getting ready for pregnancy so that there are no compromises when it comes to the baby’s needs. 

Reduce unnecessary expenses

No, you do not need that new expensive pair of boots. Take a step back and think, the best way to save up money is to avoid buying things you do not need. Since you are required to eat healthily now, you might as well add the junk food money in your savings account. It is always better to start saving when you first think about having a baby. 

 

Get insurance and save up

It is important to get regular check-ups during the pregnancy and get tests done and take medicines. Get health insurance, this will save you loads. Hospital expenses also include ridiculously high delivery charges, natal care, routine checkups and vaccines for the baby. Make sure to get health insurance when you start trying initially.

 

Go easy on maternal and baby gears

If you have known someone who has had a baby, you will know how expensive maternity clothes can be. The best way to reduce these expenses is to borrow them from your friends or family who have had a baby recently. You could get creative with your partner's t-shirts and other baggy clothes. Buy stuff that you could reuse later, like an oversized t-shirt that could be used by your partner or kurtas that you could alter later. These are just a few ideas to get creative and save some money.

 

Buy cotton clothes and rompers that are both comfortable and inexpensive. To make better use of your maternity leave, you could stitch clothes for your baby using old t-shirts and shirts of you and your partner. This could also be like a bonding activity among the two of you. Let your creative juices flow, stitch cute dresses for the baby.

 

These are just a few guides on getting ready for pregnancy and preparing yourself for having a baby. You might find it to be expensive, tiring, or a bit too much at times, but remember once you hold that little baby in your arms, nothing else will matter. Embrace everything with an open mind and trust your instincts, you’ll be alright. 

July 20, 2021 |  read