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Physical Effects of Pregnancy

Read more to discuss how pregnancy impacts your physical health and how to manage it.

Pregnancy in a woman’s life can be as joyous as it is challenging. Isn’t it wondrous how your body can accommodate a tiny human being inside? The perks obviously come with a few hurdles as your body goes through a myriad of changes. A few of these physical effects of pregnancy may begin even before you find out that you are pregnant. It can be quite exhausting but hold on, we will take you through everything step by step, and you will feel much better when you know what to expect and how to be prepared for all of it.


A few common physical discomfort includes:


1. Morning Sickness

This is mild nausea which maybe accompanied by vomiting, caused by pregnancy hormones. This is more common during the first trimester. However, the sickness is not true to its name and can occur during any time of the day. You may develop aversion to certain food and smell which will contribute to your morning sickness. With the passage of time, it tends to go away.


2. Hyperemesis

This is a severe form of nausea that results in persistent vomiting during the months of pregnancy. It may lead to dehydration which can make you prone to fainting or dizziness. You can consult your doctor in such a case in order to make sure that you don’t put up with it for too long.


3. Frequent Urination

As your baby develops in your uterus, it creates a pressure on your bladder which will tend to make you urinate more often. Sometimes, you may even leak a little when you cough or sneeze. This is nothing to be embarrassed about or worried, for that matter.


4. Lightheadedness

You may often feel dizzy or lightheaded especially if you stand for long, as the blood tends to pool in your legs and may result in low BP. Your body is working overtime to create extra blood for your baby, and so you may feel quite a few changes. Thus, it is quite obvious to be stressed, hungry or feel weak.


5. Heartburn

The hormone changes in your body slows down the process of breaking down food. This makes the food stay in your stomach longer to give more time to your body to absorb the nutrients, the acid and reflux may lead to heartburn.


6. Constipation

If you are taking vitamins that contain iron, it leads to constipation, accompanied by gas and bloating. Make sure you drink enough water throughout the day. If you are having severe problems, it is better to switch your prenatal vitamin with the consultation of your doctor.


7. Thyroid

Thyroid disorders, especially hypothyroidism is quite common in pregnancy and can risk the health of both your baby and you. It is therefore advisable to seek medical counsel at an early stage.


8. Placenta Previa

This occurs when the placenta has implanted at the bottom of the uterus and covers the cervix, resulting in obstruction of vaginal birth. The symptoms of placenta previa include bleeding during pregnancy which may be painless. This should be immediately reported to the doctor.


9. Changes in veins and skin

Visible blue veins in your belly, breasts and legs due to a higher blood volume and faster heart rate is also one of the physical effects of pregnancy. This is because your heart pumps faster to make extra blood in order to meet the needs of pregnancy. Developing spider veins on your face, neck or arms are common as well. On the other hand, your skin will start to look more rosy and shiny, which is often referred to as ‘pregnancy glow’.


10. Breast Changes

This is one of the first visible signs of pregnancy. The hormones in your body change to prepare you for breastfeeding which makes your breast tender and swollen. There may be small bumps forming around your nipples. Your breast may get bigger and fuller as the pregnancy advances.


11. Vaginal changes

One important thing to be aware of is vaginal thrush, an infection indicated by a thick curdy  discharge which may be itchy and uncomfortable, and maybe accompanied by a foul smell. During your pregnancy, there is more production of glycogen, a type of sugar in your vagina which makes the thrush grow and thus, making you more vulnerable to an infection. Use cotton underwear and eat natural yoghurt, to prevent the growth of thrush to an extent.


12. Iron deficiency anemia

Pregnant women are known to need more iron than others due to the increased amount of blood that their body has to create for the developing child. As iron is part of the hemoglobin that allows blood to carry oxygen, iron deficiency anemia is one of the most common types of deficiencies that a pregnant woman can face. This leads to feeling weak or faint, looking pale and experiencing shortness of breath.


13. Infections

Pregnancy makes you quite vulnerable to many infections as well. At times, sexually transmitted infections or STIs may complicate the pregnancy and the health of the baby after delivery.



It can be a bit frustrating to see the physical effects of pregnancy on your body but let’s be a little patient and hold on a little more, because in the end it will all be worth it. Make sure to keep your doctor in your speed dial and ask for advice if you are unsure about anything. Apart from that, pamper yourself and maintain a healthy diet. These simple changes can help make your pregnancy smooth and easy.


December 24, 2020 |  read

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Everything You Need To Know About C section Delivery

Want to know more about Caesarean or C- section Delivery? We've got you covered on everything you need to know about Caesarean delivery of your baby.

As you approach the end of your third trimester, you would already have a birthing plan ready. Whether it is a normal birth or a C – section, you may have questions, doubts and apprehensions. Worry not; we have compiled some fundamental information about the Caesarean delivery method for you.


What is a Caesarean or C-section Delivery?

To put it very simply, during this procedure, your board-certified obstetrician will make an incision on your stomach and uterus to bring your newborn into this world. You will be administered an anaesthetic and you would not feel any pain. Your doctor will advise you to undergo this procedure if complications arise in your pregnancy and it is not safe to undergo a natural birth process.


When Should You Undergo a C-section?

A C-Section can be pre-planned depending on your existing conditions or it can be initiated under emergency conditions if vaginal delivery poses a risk to you or the baby. 


Planned C-Sections are usually performed between 37-40 weeks if you have one or more of these conditions.


  • A history of Caesarean delivery.
  • If previously undergone highly invasive uterine surgery.
  • Carrying multiple foetuses.
  • If you are HIV positive.
  • An outbreak of genital herpes.
  • Your baby is in breech (bottom first) position.
  • Your baby is larger than usual (macrosomia).
  • A case of placenta Previa.
  • Fibroids which might act as hindrances to deliver vaginally.
  • A serious condition of preeclampsia.
  • Your baby has an abnormality or malformation.


Although you have a vaginal delivery plan ready, sudden complications might lead your doctor to perform an emergency C-Section under these circumstances.


  • Your labour is stalled or prolonged more than usual.
  • Your baby has an irregular heartbeat and cannot withstand a vaginal delivery.
  • Your baby’s oxygen supply is cut off due to your placenta getting separated from your uterine wall or due to the umbilical cord slipping out of your cervix.
  • If there is a chance of uterine rupture.
  • If you or the baby develop a life-threatening condition during labour.
  • If your contractions aren’t strong enough to dilate your cervix.
  • If other methods like forceps or ventouse assisted labour fail.


Fear not mommy, under any of these circumstances the safety of you and your baby will be your doctor’s utmost priority.



If you are undergoing an elective caesarean procedure, then you can pack your bag accordingly. Some people say that cranberry juice helps them keep away urinary infections that arise due to the insertion of catheter. They also advise carrying chewing gum or other molasses to ensure proper bowel movement after surgery. It is best to leave your jewellery, contact lens, braces and false tooth (if you have any) back home before heading to the hospital. Remove your nail polish and your make up before your procedure as it is necessary to monitor your skin tone throughout and after the surgery. Once at the hospital, a nurse might shave some of your pubic hair to prep you for surgery. You will sign a consent form and after a few diagnostic tests, your will be administered the anaesthesia and soon, you would be heading to the operating room to bring out your baby.

In case of emergency C-Section, you or an immediate kin should sign the consent form and the rest would be taken care of by your doctor and nurses.



Unlike vaginal delivery, C-Section is major surgery. With any surgery, comes a set of complications. Some of which could be easily resolved, and some might require a proper treatment plan. After a C-Section, you would feel sore or experience some pain in the area surrounding the incision. You might develop wounds in the incision site if there is no proper maintenance of hygiene. You might sustain surgical injuries to the bladder and uterus. You might develop some blood clots in your legs or pelvic areas. Some mothers might experience severe headaches as an allergic reaction to anaesthesia. You might experience a foul-smelling vaginal discharge (endometritis) if there is an infection or inflammation in your uterine wall.  Do not be scared as your healthcare providers would be well equipped to free you of these complications if they arise.


Recovery Period

Within 24 hours of your procedure, the nurse might ask you to start gentle, slow movements like walking to the bathroom. You would be advised to drink a lot of fluids and practice a healthy diet to ensure easy digestion and avoid constipation. Your incision site would be cleaned regularly. Once you go home, you should maintain utmost hygiene. You should avoid lifting heavy weights or any strenuous activities until your wounds heal thoroughly. Avoid sexual intercourse until your doctor gives you the green signal. Rest well throughout the recovery period and keep up with your doctor appointments.


Differences Between Natural Birthing and C-section

  • A normal birthing process might last for 12-14 hours, especially if it is your first time. But a C-Section will only take 15-45 minutes (75 maximum) from start to finish.
  • Complications during a vaginal delivery might be perineal tears or episiotomy whereas during a C-Section you might experience any of the complications mentioned above.
  • The recovery and healing process for vaginal deliveries are relatively lesser when compared to C-Section as the latter is a surgical procedure.
  • The risks to a baby delivered through C-Section are very minimal but sometimes there are chances of developing respiratory problems as the fluid from its lungs aren’t released during the process unlike the labour process (vaginal delivery).


No matter which delivery method you go through, at the end of it, you and your partner would be feeling immensely happy to greet your little one. Choose a good hospital and a trusted doctor to ensure that the whole process goes as smoothly as possible. We wish you the best of luck and congratulate you on the start of this incredible journey of parenthood.


December 21, 2020 |  read

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Pregnancy and Dreams

Are you having strange dreams during pregnancy? Let us tell you what they mean and why.

A few weeks into your pregnancy, and you are starting to have bizarre dreams, have you ever wondered why? You might even experience a change in your dream patterns as well. This is just the hormones (such as cortisol) making you feel that way. Although you might find your dreams odd or slightly scary, do not worry – here are some explanations for you.


It is natural for a pregnant woman to experience dreams that are extremely baffling and feel crazy. It is just a result of all the changes that a mommy-to-be is going through. When a woman is pregnant, she undergoes various physical changes as well as psychological changes. The hormonal change might make you more sensitive to things that you were not even aware of in the past. These are a few very useful quirks that evolution has left us with. 


Dreams of an expecting mother can go beyond imagination. From aliens to being in the middle of an ocean, a pregnant woman can dream about things that go beyond the horizon. Research shows that emotional states like mood of the pregnant woman influence the content and frequency of dreams. If you are an expecting mother worried about bizarre dreams you dream every night, this is for you! 



Dreams about giving birth

  • Giving birth to animals or objects

Pregnant women dream about giving birth to a litter of puppies, cats, or even objects like a doll. Clinical psychologists who routinely work with pregnant women having bizarre dreams, say that pregnant women experience these dreams because they are internally preparing to nurture and care for the baby. People often mistake this to depict some sort of deformity in a baby, it is just a mommy-to-be prepping up for what awaits next. 


  • Giving birth 

A pregnant woman well into her third trimester might experience dreams about actually giving birth to her child. It can be as normal as going to labor in a simple way or water breaking at unusual places like a mall or a park. Women experiencing these dreams show their concern or fear of losing control. On the contrary, these dreams might also depict that the mommy-to-be is excited to meet the little one.



Dreams where the mommy-to-be is trapped!

Women might dream about being trapped in a faulty elevator, a locked car, or sometimes in a swimming pool. These dreams could mean that the mommy-to-be is trying to identify with her baby who is in an enclosed space inside her. They could also indicate that with pregnancy and childbirth, comes a huge responsibility which might result in you losing your freedom. 



Shoot! I forgot the baby!” Dreams

Being a mother is both exciting and a little scary at the same time. And this fear might lead to the mother subconsciously imagining the worst-case scenarios that could happen with her and the baby. Dreams where the mommy accidentally forgets her baby or leaves the baby unattended are common dreams out of fear. These dreams might also mean that you feel that you are not entirely psychologically prepared to have a baby. These are just common fears of all mothers, and will fade over time. 



Nightmares - physical harm to you or your baby!

Whenever a person goes through a lot of changes, the fear or the unexpected changes might result in nightmares. But they might take a huge turn in pregnant women. They might have dreams where either the mother or the baby is in some sort of an extreme endangered situation. This can be a one-time dream or a recurring one. These dreams could mean that mommy-to-be is worried if she would be a good mom and a caregiver for her baby, would she be able to comfort her baby or tiny fears like what if she accidentally hurts the baby. 


The mommy-to-be can overcome these fears or questions by preparing adequately for it. Read parenting books, journals or magazines, talk to your doctors and psychiatrists. Most importantly, do not stress yourself or overthink. You will be fine, and would do great with the baby as well. Quit worrying, it’s time to chill and cherish this moment. 


Dreams about the baby’s gender

When a woman is pregnant, it is quite natural to have a preference in terms of gender. Dreaming about the gender of the baby might usually indicate preference without them even realizing it. You might also wonder if these dreams are some kind of gender indicator. A recent poll conducted among pregnant women told that it has a 50/50 chance. These dreams could also indicate you internally preparing yourself to take care of a baby.


Sex dreams during pregnancy

These dreams could be about your spouse, one of your exes, or even your celebrity crush. Again, the hormones might be making you feel like you are going a bit crazy resulting in sex dreams. Sex dreams are common among expecting mothers. Recurring sex dreams might be an indicator of your thoughts on post pregnancy intimacy. But this is not something you have to lose your sleep over. 


These are a few of the most common vivid and bizarre dreams that mommy-to-be could experience. Psychologists say that dreaming about your baby and even having nightmares are a healthy sign of the pregnancy, and there is no need to worry or over analyze the dreams. 



If the dreams bother you or cause you to lose sleep, you can always reach out to your partner or close ones, or even consult your doctor or psychologist. These dreams are just indicators that you have been preparing yourself to provide a healthy and caring environment for the little one. It is also important to remember that not all dreams have meaning behind them, understand that there is no need to stress out or overthink, just be calm and take this process one step at a time.


December 24, 2020 |  read

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Parenting & Lifestyle

How to Choose Baby Names

We have all been a part of the art of choosing names from our childhood- from naming our dolls or pet animals, now we are old enough to choose a name for our child, who will carry it with pride

Since the system in India does not allow us to determine the sex of the baby before he or she is born, we cannot narrow down a name to a specific gender. But that’s the best part actually. You will have a broader range of options when you pick names. You get to choose names for girls, boys and even include gender-neutral names.


Most parents are nervous when they have to choose baby names for their child because they get to decide what their child will be called for the rest of his or her life. So it’s best to take your time to make a good decision that both partners can agree upon. It’s a very fun process! In fact, some of us might have already chosen a few names for our future kids when we hear interesting names of characters in books or movies. It is also kind of a teamwork. There will be a lot of people who can come up with very creative names.



Traditions and Cultures

Our close-knit communities have a lot of cultures and traditions that you will have to probably follow when it comes to choosing names for your baby. Some families may want to pass down a family name or particular first name to your child. Not all of us will be lucky to have the coolest names of the century.


There may be times when your folks insist on naming your child after a great grandfather or grandmother. In these cases, there are a few ways in which you can include the name without actually hurting anyone else in the room. Some parents include that particular name as the middle name of the child. They can either use the whole name or just an initial of the name in the middle. Using middle names are optional, but it comes in handy for situations like this. If you have to inherit a particular house or family name, you can just opt to include initials to the child’s name if you don’t want to include the whole name. Some parents opt to drop the name completely and use it as a nickname instead.


Use these methods to try and get everybody on board when you have to choose baby names as a family. If it is not possible to get everybody on the same page you can suggest these different ways to get around to almost what everybody likes.


A Trend-setter

Now here is the fun part in searching for a name for your baby. It is a personal choice for parents to choose baby names with respect to the current trends or otherwise. 


Let the name ring in your ears. Play with sounds and the words will roll in your mouth. Mix and match a few combinations of words in the name. Don’t be afraid to go back to the classical style. Although the names sound a bit old fashioned, some of them are still trending on top of the chart. If your child has a very long name, like more than just a first name and surname, you will gradually evolve to bring in initials to the name. Initials not only shortens the name but also makes it easier to pronounce in a crowd. 


Speaking about short names...who is into nicknames? We know we are! Nicknames are always fun, it’s like a secret name for your child just for the inner circle. It is your personal choice as to how you want to name your baby. Trends keep changing. They come and go according to time and popular fashion. Just stick to your gut feeling. Trust us, it’s true. 


Rushing into a Name

The time period in which you should decide on a name for your baby depends on when you decide to create a birth certificate for your newborn. Some people who have to travel abroad have to decide the name of the child as soon as they can, so that they get other travel documents, like the passport, ready for the child’s travel. But once the birth certificate is written and documented, the procedure to change the name will be totally different. So you have to be 100% satisfied when you choose a name for your child.


Most parents begin to choose baby names as they count down the days to labour. So unless there are any last-minute changes of thought or opinion that they come across, choosing a name for your baby cannot be that difficult. It is best to start looking out for names as early as possible so that you have a few options written down. In this way, you will have enough time to discuss with your partner and other members of the family and rule out names that you don’t like. This will truly give you more time to be creative and come out with an original name of your own. You know how unique names are head-turners in the crowd.  


It’s very important to take the time to choose the right name for a child. This is not to increase the pressure of getting the right name that your child might like or dislike sometime in the future. But it is to help you get enough time to do more research on names and it’s meanings before you finalise on one particular name.



A name of a person is a very important aspect of an individual. Some say that it brings about a certain kind of personality, but we should remember that a name is not the only thing that determines a person’s individuality. There are a lot of other factors that come into play that help the person to grow and develop into the kind of person they are. When you do choose baby names, take enough time to do research on other possibilities and meaning for the name you choose.


December 24, 2020 |  read

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Getting Pregnant

Fertility Basics - What are They, How to Start Planning and Checking

Planning to have a baby anytime soon? Don't worry we have got you covered with everything you need to know: fertility basics, conditions for getting pregnant and required fertility tests.

A countless number of decisions including which car to drive, where to live – to name a few, are shaped when a couple or a parent decides that they want children. While getting your lives aligned and ready to start a family, you should also find out whether your bodies are ready for this huge step.  A large number of people have a tough time dealing with infertility. While most people might expect and hope that they can plan a family any time they would like, they often forget that it may get slightly more tricky than they had imagined. Here’s a guide for you on fertility basics, if you plan to have a baby anytime soon.


A good kick start into the road would mean taking care of the body by exercising, consuming nutritious food, and maintaining healthy body weight. 


Fertility Basics

If a couple needs to conceive naturally, here is an outline of what needs to go around in the bodies of a man and a woman :


  • The reproductive system of a woman produces hormones that result in ovulation. It is when from one of the ovaries, an egg is released. During the childbearing years of a woman, it happens once every month.

  • The reproductive system of a man produces sperm cells. Post puberty, daily, generation of new sperm cells takes place.

  • During about five or six days prior to ovulation, a man and a woman must engage in sexual intercourse.

  • When the man ejaculates, due to a series of muscular contractions, sperm cells or the semen are/is forced out of the man’s penis.

  • In the cervical area of the woman, semen gets collected after intercourse, and into the cervical mucus of the woman, sperm cells swim.

  • The sperm swims through the opening of the cervix, into the uterus. It further swims into the fallopian tubes from the uterus. 

  • The healthiest of sperms manage to linger inside the fallopian tubes, till the time an egg comes along. 

  • From the ovaries, once an egg is released, it is guided into the fallopian tubes very gently.

  • In a moment of fertilization, one of the sperms eventually meets the egg in the fallopian tubes.

  • Post ovulation, the reproductive system of the woman releases new hormones that make ‘endometrium.’

  • The embryo or the fertilized egg goes through cell divisions. Further, into the uterus, it travels down the fallopian tube. 

  • As the Uterus is reached by the embryo, it implants itself into the lining, eventually. It happens after about 4 to 10 days of fertilization.

  • Post implantation, the embryo starts to create placental cells and fetal cells. The pregnancy hormone, or the hCG begins to get produced. 

  • There is enough hCG circulating after about one week or 14 days of ovulation, to give a positive result when a pregnancy test is done. 


Conditions for Getting Pregnant

No Stress 

Fertility basics include no stressing! While expressing your concern to someone in the family or your friend circle, words like “do not worry,” “stay relaxed” might be said to you. And it is understandable that it is easier said than done, but stress does take a toll on one’s mental and physical health, whether good or bad. Instead of altering your day to day routine to fix the situation, try and indulge in things or activities that soothe your mind and body.


Watching the Weight 

You may have some difficulty conceiving a baby if you are under or overweight. A body that is undernourished may not be fertile enough. Excess weight, on the other hand, too can have quite some effect on your fertility. What you could then try doing is follow an exercise routine, and maintain a healthy diet.


The Age Factor 

You must have been told by many that your biological clock is supposed to be ticking. It is used to refer to your fertility window. Sometime in the age of 40s or 50s, once the menstrual cycle stops, women are unable to conceive. Women are supposed to be born with only a set number of eggs that decrease as they age, while men can produce sperm throughout their lives. The rate at which a woman loses eggs accelerates by the age of 35. The quality of the egg, too, declines over time.


Hormonal Changes

Hormonal health of a man is often also linked with his fertility. Issues with fertility could be indicated if there are any changes in virility, that often have to do with hormones.


Fertility Tests 

Fertility tests are an important part of fertility treatment and evaluation. Through this, the doctor can test and find out what might be the reason that’s preventing your partner and you from conceiving. 


For Females, a fertility evaluation may include:   

  • STD testing, as some can potentially cause infertility
  • Gynaecological evaluation

  • Progesterone check

  • An Ultrasound test to see if there are enlarged polycystic ovaries

  • To evaluate the shape of the uterus, an Ultrasound can be done 

  • To check if the fallopian tubes are open or blocked, and to again evaluate the shape of the uterus, HSG (hysterosalpingogram) can be done


 For Males, a fertility evaluation may include :

  • A basic physical examination by the urologist
  • Testing for STD 

  • An Ultrasound to evaluate the scrotum

  • To examine retrograde ejaculation, urine testing or post-ejaculatory urinalysis is done.


We hope these fertility basics have helped you understand the process a little bit better.


December 22, 2020 |  read

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Child Adoption in India: Are You Ready?

Adoption is about unconditional love and creating a beautiful bond. Read more for everything you need to know about adoption in India.

What is adoption?

Adoption is the legal process which allows you as an individual or a couple to have parental rights of a child even if they are not related by blood. Adoptive parents would have the same rights as that of biological parents while the adopted child would have the same legal, emotional, social and kinship benefits that a biological child would have. Here is what you need to know about child adoption in India.


India is open to adoption by resident, non-resident Indians as well as foreigners living in India or abroad. Relatives or step-parents are allowed to adopt a child as well. All adoption guidelines in India are governed by the Central Adoption Resource Authority or CARA. 


Which children are allowed for adoption?

A child could be an orphan or abandoned or surrendered on birth and have entered the orphanage. However, adoption from an orphanage is possible only when the child is declared legally free for adoption by the Child Welfare Committee. Usually, in India, children between the age of 6 months and 14 years are referred and applicants are required to be open to children with identified needs. 


Eligibility for adoptive parents:

There are certain guidelines pertaining to adoption in CARA but the basic eligibility criteria include:

  • Single or married heterosexual couples who have been married for at least two years and have a stable relationship.
  • The composite age of a couple should not be more than 90 years while as a single parent, an individual of 25-55 years of age is allowed to adopt.
  • The individual or the couple ought to be physically, mentally and emotionally stable and financially capable.
  • Couples with three or more children, either adopted or biological are not allowed to adopt further.


In the case of foreign nationals or NRIs, at least one of the prospective adoptive parents must be able to visit India for not less than 10-14 days. This would include meeting the matched child and completing the legal process along with finalizing VISA processing. 


What are the steps related to adoption?

After you are well versed with what adoption is and have ticked off everything on the checklist of eligibility, now you have the bigger question in your bucket. How do I adopt?


Well, contrary to popular belief, it is quite a simple and easy process. Let us break it down for you:


  • First, you register with the CARA through their official website: cara.nic.in
  • Second, you would be asked to fill out forms and upload the required documents which shall include selecting your preferred Specialized Adoption Agency and a place of residence for the authorities to conduct a thorough home-study.
  • The report of the home-study conducted by the social worker would be valid for three years if aptness is confirmed.
  • Next, you would be given the referrals of children who are eligible for adoption. You ought to make a decision within 48 hours after being referred.
  • An appointment is set to match the prospective adoptive parents with a suitable child. And there! If everything goes well, be ready to hear that cute ‘mama’ or ‘dada’.
  • The average duration for child adoption in India for the entire process to be completed would be 18-24 months.


How do you know if you are ready?

Well, there is no perfect time for anything but when it comes to taking responsibility for a child, you must know if you are ready.


  • First, make sure your finances are in place. You need not be particularly wealthy, but you ought to be confident of whether you can take care of a child until he/she is able to do so on their own. Raising a child can be expensive and you should very well be stable enough to do so.


  • Second, check where you stand emotionally. Ask yourself if you are ready to accept and put the child’s needs before your own. This does not mean excessive pampering. An adopted child may have gone through a lot of emotional trauma and attachment issues, be it at an orphanage or a foster care. Unfortunately, prior trauma or abuse is not uncommon either and hence; you must be able to provide emotional stability, support and care  as well. 


  • In case you have biological children, let them know what you are planning and have conversations on if they are willing to accept it. Make sure that your entire family is ready to welcome this change.  And more importantly, remember never to compare your adopted child with your biological child. Your adopted child may be from a different race or ethnicity and it is important to welcome them as they are.


  • Have conversations with family and friends and seek their support. After all, this moment is something you would want to celebrate and share with your close ones.


  • Make sure that your partner and you see eye-to-eye on the major parenting styles such as what religion you would want the child to follow or aspects such as their schooling and disciplinary issues - to name a few. 



Now that you know what to expect and the procedures involved in child adoption in India, go ahead and plan the welcoming of your child. Remember, adoption is simply not just about having a child but about being a family, having unconditional love and creating a beautiful bond.


December 24, 2020 |  read

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How Do You Know if IVF is for You?

IVF can bring you one step closer to parenthood. If you are planning to consider IVF, here is everything you need to know.

If your understanding of an IVF comes only from Bollywood, well, it’s limited. A few movies like Good Newwz, Vicky Donor, etc have introduced the audience to IVF as a birthing option, focusing on women, couples, and families that rely on in-vitro fertilisation (IVF) to be able to become parents. While they bank on just the emotional aspect of IVF, there is a lot of knowledge that you might want to have if you are planning to consider an IVF, medically. Let us start with the very basic :


The Concern

Infertility is one major concern whenever a couple is unable to get pregnant or is trying to conceive, despite the unprotected sex, having tried for at least one year, and additionally so when the woman is aged less than 35. But with the continued advances made in reproductive medicine, treatments for infertility have become highly successful, including the IVF.


What is IVF?

IVF stands for in-vitro fertilization. It is a treatment for infertility, whereby in a laboratory dish, a woman’s eggs are fertilized by a man’s sperm. The fertilized eggs (or embryos) are further transferred into a woman’s uterus, in the hope that they will implant, and mature into a pregnancy. Essentially, it is a reproductive technique that is assisted medically.  


When Should You Consider an IVF? 

Given that you have already considered other forms of infertility treatment and somehow they have not worked out for you, in-vitro fertilization is usually taken up in the following cases : 


  • An Advanced Reproductive Age

Age impacts fertility, and a woman’s maternal health so what we are talking about here is much like an IVF age cutoff. For a successful in-vitro fertilization, how old is too old, you ask? It is an important question for individuals and couples delaying parenthood. 


An advanced reproductive age for a woman would be 35 and beyond. Fewer eggs in a woman’s body become available for recruitment and maturation, as the woman ages. Let aside the quantity, the quality of the eggs too become a concern. As an older woman, while you may have an ovarian reserve that is bountiful, those eggs are very likely to have chromosomal abnormalities. In such a case, IVF is considered. 


  • Prevention of a Genetic Disease's Pass-down

Physicians and patients are empowered with IVF, providing an ability for them to prevent the transmission of genetic diseases to future generations.


  • Male Factor Infertility

Oftimes, IVF for male infertility is supposed to be the best treatment option. In case the semen analysis seems to be abnormal, and additionally identifies a male factor, it is important to look for the cause. Related to a male anatomic abnormality or caused by an infection, when the low sperm count appears to be hormone-related, basic treatments may be used. However, if these do not work, or if it is a more severe case of male infertility, IVF is usually the treatment of choice.


  • Ovarian Issues (Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome)

Women with PCOS or Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome do not ovulate regularly. As a result, when a woman with PCOS visits her doctor or specialist for a fertility treatment, rather than immediately resorting to IVF, the physician will begin by prescribing some front- line medications. The idea would then be to perform timed intercourse with the partner to achieve pregnancy, while on the medication prescribed. The physician will most likely suggest other methods of fertility if medication does not work either. An advanced fertility method such as IVF will be presented when the woman does not get pregnant by any of the previous means.


  • Blocked Fallopian Tubes

It refers to cases whereby either one or both fallopian tubes are obstructed in a certain manner. When that happens, the sperm is unable to reach a viable egg which is waiting to be fertilized. If the sperm somehow does manage to reach the egg, it may not be able to leave the fallopian tube, and implant in the uterus, as it naturally would. If it so happens, the egg can potentially implant in the fallopian tube itself, which is risky. Hence, if a woman suffers from such fallopian blockage, what IVF does is that it allows fertility specialists to circumvent them, meaning she can still become pregnant, despite the issues she may be facing.



Things to Consider Before you Decide on an IVF

For many people, right from the start, IVF is a preferred treatment. However, others choose to try other available infertility treatments that are also less expensive like fertility medication, artificial insemination, or surgery first. An IVF sure brings you a step closer to getting pregnant when you are trying to conceive, but the process can feel intimidating, especially if you are unsure about what is going to be involved. 



It is like a miracle medical treatment that will allow you to have children at your own pace. As an endpoint to many fertility journeys, it is posed as a last recourse when nothing seems to be working out. Because it bears a reputation for solving fertility issues, many think of IVF as a sure shot, but it is not a ‘cure-all’ formula. It comes with its own risks and costs. Yet, there is a good reason for some optimism! So many babies are brought into this world only because of IVF, and that is something to look to for hope. Talk to your doctor and find out what is best for you.


December 23, 2020 |  read

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How to Move on from Failed IVF

Wondering why IVF isn't working for you? This article discusses the reasons why IVF may not work and what to do next.

The treatment of in-vitro fertilisation begins with the hopes of building a family one step at a time. Couples come to this procedure when they face infertility issues over the past few years and dream of giving birth to a baby. These soon-to-be parents are exhausted and struggling and turn to the option of IVF. With this little hope in life, this technique has proved successful in the majority. However, things don’t always go according to the plan and it’s possible you may have a failed IVF. Let’s take a closer look at what may have happened and how to move on from failed IVF.


The medical procedure of IVF allows the sperm and the egg to be combined in a dish by an infertility specialist or endocrinologist. This is then inserted into the womb through the pelvic cavity. The technique should guide the embryo to be inseminated in the walls of the uterus that will develop into a baby. Celebrity cook and model, Chrissy Teigen hit the headlines sometime around 2016 because she claimed to choose the sex of the baby during the procedure of IVF. In many parts of the world, IVF can help choose the sex of the baby you want. The procedure of IVF itself is quite expensive and such medical treatment can also top up the hospital charges.


With all said and done, some things often go out of the plan we have in our heads. Here are a few pointers that will give a picture of these unfortunate scenarios.


Why did it not work?

Every doctor in the country will initially state out the various ways in which this technique could lead to failure. This is honesty not to discourage you, but they simply want to give you the reality of the big picture. Success stories of IVF pregnancies depend on probability. Other unfortunate couples go through a lot of pain and grief due to their failed IVF procedure.


Research has many factors that are seen to understand the failure of IVF. One such problem is the embryo’s inability to stay within the uterus linings. Doctors also choose the best quality of the embryos that have to be inserted into the uterus. The age of the partners is also very important when considering IVF as an option. Case studies show that women above the age of 35 have very slim chances of a successful IVF transmission


IVF also calls out on the type of lifestyle that has been followed until the process of combining the sperm and egg. Social drugs, alcohol and cigarettes can be a hindrance to this procedure.  


Trying again, just one more time...

Doctors always push their patients to try the method of IVF to get pregnant three times in a row. After these three attempts, they are discouraged to go on further. Well, how to move on from failed IVF in this instance? Start by looking out for other problems in the system.


There are many other alternative methods to get pregnant that are suggested by doctors. The treatment of IVF is considered to be very expensive and hence, cannot be affordable to try many times. Yet, some parents keep on trying. Treatments like surrogacy, IUI and adoption are some of the other ways that you can try to start a family.  


Before you go into another round of injections, shots and other procedures, you should get yourself and your partner scanned and tested for any genetic or chromosomal issues that refuse the treatment. Just like the age of the couple, these things are also to be considered. A quick assessment of the previous cycle can also give you a clear picture of what could be changed before another round of medical procedures.  


In these stages, most couples have a very difficult time making the right decision. It is a very personal family matter between hopeful parents. Before you decide on this matter, pause for a while to look back at the journey to this very point. Both you and your partner should be comfortable to go through this all over again. Fear not to ask your doctor any kind of questions regarding this technique.


The support system

After this long and exhausting journey of numerous medications, a failed IVF treatment result could bring down a whole family.


Stay strong and don’t give up. Keep looking into other methods of getting pregnant. Get tested, have a good conversation with your doctors and caregivers about the root cause of the problem. To keep a stable mind, seek out help from counsellors. Things like this can be too hard on the family but talking it out at support groups can help you to listen and connect with stories with similar experiences. This way you will not feel lonely during this period of grief.



Be determined to not let go of the idea of building your own family. On this note, if this treatment doesn’t support your system, be open to other options. There isn’t one single way as to how to move on from failed IVF. There are a lot of resources out there that can help you find the right path.


December 24, 2020 |  read